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The region of Abruzzo is situated between the coastline of the Adriatic sea and the mountain ranges of the Apennines meaning it is the perfect place for grape growing. The mountainous region offers a continental climate while the coastline offers a mediterranean one. This diversity means there is a strong temperature fluctuation between night and day which helps to produce exquisite wines. The soil itself also offers great diversity with clay, limestone and sandstone being found here.

Three of the most notable DOC’s from the region can all be found within the range on offer at L’Uva. The DOC of Montepulciano D’Abruzzo, not to be confused with the town in Tuscany, produces delightful fruit forward reds with complex rich aromas. Trebbiano D’Abruzzo is a dry, light, easy drinking white, with notes of citrus. Lastly, Cerasuolo D’Abruzzo is made in the style of a rose, but do not be fooled, this is not a light, summer style wine!

Overall, the wines on offer from this region are elegant with great value.

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Valle d'Aoast

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Basilicata is most famous for red wines from the Aglianico variety, and in particular the Aglianico del Vulture appellation.

It’s home to just 4 DOC’s and total wine production is very small at less than 50 million liters. Basilicata is one of the most mountainous regions with many vineyards located around Mount Vulture on volcanic soils. The mountainous terrain and harsh weather can make a tough challenge for even the most experienced wine producer.

Cool sea breezes travel across the Adriatic and Puglia to help keep temperatures moderate and the Apennines provide a barrier to mild currents from the west.

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Being one the most Southern regions, Calabria is the peninsula that makes the toe of the “boot”. Bordered by Basilicata in the North and divided from Sicily by the Strait of Messina. Calabria is made up by 95% mountains and hills and has more than 700 kilometers of coastline.

Calabria as a wine growing region is characterised by extremely warm summers, cool winters and large temperature fluctuations between day and night which brings elegance to the wines. The land is made up of loamy soils of rock and volcanic origin and riverbeds inland which are a blend of soils, composed of a combination of clay, silt, sand, and gravel.

With 12 DOCs and no DOCGs Calabria as a wine producing region is not as world famous as it once was. It has a long and proud history of winemaking starting with the Greeks who named the region ‘Oenotria’, the land of wine. The main indigenous red grape, Gaglioppo, is most well known for its part in early Olympic games as the wine they would use to toast to the winners. Some legends say that it was even consumed before and during the games!

More recently there hasn’t been much demand for Calabrian wines outside of the region but luckily there are still a few dedicated winemakers that haven’t given up. The area with the most success at the moment is Ciro DOC. Here Gaglioppo is still being produced along with other native grapes and international varieties.

The white grape mainly grown in this region is Greco Bianco which makes an elegant white wine that can even be aged.

Give this lesser known wine region a chance and you won’t be disappointed!

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Friuli-Venezia Giulia

This small region, located in the Northeast corner of the country, boasts 11 DOCs and three DOCGs and is where many of Italy’s most vibrant white wines are produced. Friuli Venezia Giulia has significant Slavic and German influences. At one point, this region was even part of the Austro-Hungarian empire.

Sharing borders with Austria and Slovenia the region is positioned between the Alps and the Adriatic creating two distinct climates resulting in different styles for the varietals depending on where they are grown. In general wines in this region are typically aromatic and fruity with good acidity.

Friuli-Venezia Giulia's reputation as a wine region essentially depends on a select group of quality-conscious, small-scale winemakers. Large scale production like it’s neighbour Veneto is not common.

Along with high quality whites such as Friulano and Ribolla Gialla, Fruili Venezia Giulia makes some great reds with international grapes such as Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot but also interesting wines with indigionous grapes like Pignolo and Refosco.

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Located in the centre of Northern Italy Lombardy is a large and geographically complex region with many dramatically different mesoclimates. Whilst being completely landlocked the region still benefits from the cooling influence of large lakes such as Como, Iseo, Maggiore and Garda which help temper the climate.

The landscape consists of a mix of hills and plains, the Southeast of the region being home to low-lying vineyards in the Po Basin and the North being framed by the central Alps.

Although best known for its Champagne style, ultra premium sparkling wine, Franciacorta, this region offers a variety of wine styles including Valtellina (made from Nebbiolo) Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Malvasia and Verdicchio.

This region is also famous for being Italy’s gourmet epicenter with the highest concentration of Michelin starred restaurants and revered foods such as Bresaola, Panettone, Taleggio and Gorgonzola cheeses.

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Marche is nestled between the Adriatic coast and The Apennines, on the Eastern side of central Italy. It is home to many terroirs and climates which make it suitable for viticulture, with producers being able to grow vines in both warm and cool climates. Altitude changes from the mountains and sea breezes across local bodies of water means heavy airflow through the vineyards there, ensuring the grapes are kept cool.

The region is also home to prized and diverse soils such as Galestro, limestone and alebrese.

Marche is predominantly known as a white wine region but high quality reds can also be found here. The most notable DOC is Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi. This refreshing, well structured white wine is green hued with crisp acidity, herbaceous notes and pairs beautifully with seafood from the region.

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Holding the most DOCG’s of all the regions Piemonte is located just below the Western Alps and literally translates to “At the foot of the mountains”. This hilly region is blessed with its own macroclimate that is usually a hot growing season followed by a misty autumn and then a cold and foggy winter.

The winemaking style here is closer to its neighbor Burgundy, France than the rest of Italy. Barolo and Barbaresco which are made from 100% Nebbiolo, one of the most difficult grapes to master in terms of growing and winemaking, are the two most celebrated wines in all of Italy.

Even though it is most famously known for the elegant Nebbiolo grape, this region also has other varietals that are becoming more popular since they don’t require as much ageing and are great value such as Barbera and Dolcetto. For whites the region is most well known for Gavi and Arneis.

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After Veneto, Puglia is tied with Sicily as the second biggest wine region in Italy. If Italy is the boot then Puglia is positioned at the heel of the boot and carries on up along the eastern coast, with northern Puglia being hilly and southern Puliga being much flatter.

The region boasts great natural influences, making it a perfect spot for growing grapes with a diverse landscape, iron rich soil, limestone, plus the mediteraean climate.

As the region has a large coastline, the ocean breeze from the Adriatic sea provides cooling to the grapes, ensuring they still maintain enough acidity needed to make excellent wine.

It’s famous for producing almost half of Italy’s olives, but second to this is grapes. Puglia is most notable for producing big, bold fruity reds with persistent acidity and herbal notes. Pair these wines with tomato, olive and grilled vegetable style dishes which also can be found within Puglia for the perfect match.

Primitivo, Negro Amaro, Nero di Troia and Bombiano Bianco can all be found among our wine list for you to try for yourself!

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Sardinia, Italy’s second largest island, lies 150 miles (240km) off the west coast of mainland Italy. Over the years Sardinia has been conquered by various different countries and empires which can be clearly seen in its culture, and its unique offering of grape varieties! Sardinia’s relationship with wine is much newer than the history that is so deeply ingrained within mainland Italy, having only produced wine on a large scale over the past few centuries.

Sardinia’s terroir offers great diversity with coastal regions and inland regions, hills and plains, meaning there are many types of topography and mesoclimates for producers to take advantage of. The soils themselves also have huge variety and the islands martime climate means that the cooling effects of the Mediterranean are more forgiving that regions on a similar latitude, such as Turkey and Greece.

Despite having the lowest wine production by land area of any Italian wine region, Sardinia has more DOC and IGT titles than Basilicata and Calabria combined!

The varietals found growing in Sardinia are unlike any other region in Italy. Many french grapes such as Grenache (called Cannonau), Carignan and Cabernet Sauvignon can be found along with Italian favourites such as Malvasia, Vermentino, Moscato Bianco.

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Sicily, the largest island in the Mediteranean boasts a vibrant and dynamic wine industry with a long history. Sicilians have been making wine since 4000 BC, taking advantage of its warm dry climate, moderate rainfall and lots of sunshine.

Previously Sicily earned a reputation for making high yielding, lower quality wines, however this reputation is being turned around and some of the most exciting wines today are coming out of Sicily.

Sicily has 23 DOC’s and 1 DOCG with the Etna DOC being one of its most well known. The volcano offers intensely nutrient rich soil, with altitudes providing almost alpine-like conditions, but with much more sunshine and rainfall.

Like many Italian wine regions, Sicily holds on to some unique native grapes, for example, Nero d’Avola, Nerello Mascalese, Nerello Cappuccio, Carricante and Grillo, all of which can be found in our portfolio. At L’Uva we recognise our Scilians wines with their characteristic bold fruit flavours, minerality and spicy, smokey notes.

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Trentino-Alto Adige

Located just below Austria, Italy’s most Northern region is made up of two provinces, Trentino and Alto Adige (South Tyrol). The two are bisected by the Adige river, dividing the region almost perfectly. Although Italian is mainly the first language in Alto Adige you will hear more German being spoken.

The terrain is very mountainous but the valley heats up quickly sending warm air up into the vineyards located on the slopes. This, along with the bright alpine sunshine, helps produce ripe and opulent wines that you wouldn’t typically expect from a cold region.

This region is best known for producing beautifully aromatic alpine style whites such as Muller-Thurgau, Pinot Grigio and Gewurztraminer, but their reds are just as interesting. Many producers have great success with native varieties such as Schiava, Teroldego and Lagrein but also international grapes like Merlot, Cabernet and Pinot Noir.

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Located in central Italy with its famous picturesque rolling hills, Tuscany is one of the most famous wine regions in the world. Not just for its spectacular landscape but also for wines such as Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino, Vino Nobile, Vin Santo and Bolgheri Rosso are wines that are coveted all over the globe.

Tuscany’s wine history, as with most of the regions, is very rich, going all the way back to the times of the Etruscans in the 8th century BC. Even Greek writers reference the quality of Tuscan wine as early as the 3rd century BC.

With 41 DOCs, 11 DOCGs and six IGTs Tuscany is planted mainly with Sangiovese. This native grape is used in many of the regions’ wines and Brunello di Montalcino was awarded the first ever DOCG in 1980 when the classification was created. This full bodied wine still stands as the most important wine produced here. You can also find international grapes such as Cabernet Sauvignon planted especially on the coast in Bolgheri where Bordeaux blends are constantly making headlines with their rave reviews from wine critics.

Tuscany also produces quality white wines such as Vernaccia, Vermentino, Malvasia and Trebbiano as well as a very special dessert wine called Vin Santo made from drying white grapes and barrel ageing.

Being one of Italy’s largest regions, Tuscany has a very diverse climate with warm, temperate coastal areas and more of an increased temperature variation between day and night inland. The soils also vary drastically with marl-like soils in Montalcino and parts of Chianti Classico and not too far away in Montepulciano the soil consists of sand and heavy clay.

Tuscany is well known for its ambitious, independent growers who continue to invest in this land and its future.

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Umbria is known as the “green heart of Italy” lying centrally and landlocked by neighbouring regions Tuscany, Marche and Lazio. With a mediteranean climate that changes depending on the elevation and orientation of the land, the region is optimal for grape ripening. The rolling hills and mountains mean differences in temperature between night and day as well as good drainage, producing elegant, mineral wines.

Soils, especially around the notable DOCG area of Sagrantino di Montefalco, tend to be clay and limestone, compromising of fluvial and lacustrine sediments from ancient lakes.

The grapes planted here are diverse reflecting the diverse terroir, with 60% of vineyards being planted with red grapes, especially around Montefalco.The wines produced are dark, powerful and full bodied with enormous tannins.

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Italy’s most productive wine region is located in the north-east, stretching from the Dolomites to the Adriatic sea. The region is roughly split into three different geographical areas, distinguished by their topography and geology. The northwest, at the foothills of the Alps and along the eastern edge of Lake Garda, has a cooler climate which makes crisp whites and fresh reds. In central Veneto you will find plains where many international grapes grow easily along with one of the region’s flagship grapes Pinot Grigio. In the north-east corner is where you will find Glera growing which makes the world famous Prosecco.

Veneto’s fertile volcanic soil makes wine growing an easy operation. This in turn is why Veneto is known in the UK and America for its mass production of wine for export, making it easy to dismiss many of it’s wines. But for all of Veneto’s wines there are two versions; the cheap version and then the really terrific quality version. Prosecco, being one of the most well known sparkling wines in the world, is at the top of this list for this comparison along with the still white wine Soave.

Amarone, Veneto’s famously big red is uniquely made in the appassimento style. These opulent wines are always full bodied and high in alcohol. Valpolicella Classico is made from the same grapes but is fresh, full of red fruit and lighter bodied.

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